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Frederic Effenberger


Dr. Frederic Effenberger is Group Leader of the Working Group “Solar Drivers of Space Weather” of Section 2.8 “Magnetospheric Physics”


Since   2018 Group Leader, Section 2.8, GFZ
2017 – 2018 PostDoc, International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland
2015 – 2017 PostDoc, Stanford University, CA, USA
2013 – 2015 PostDoc, University of Waikato, New Zealand
2012 – 2013 PostDoc, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany


2012 PhD Physics, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
2008 Physics Diploma, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany



  • Joint South Africa-Germany Space Weather Studies During Solar Cycle 25 and Beyond (JGSA25), Alexander von Humboldt Group Linkage Program, 2019-2021, Role: PI
  • The Impact of Magnetic Field-line Wandering on Solar Energetic Particle Transport, NASA Heliophysics Supporting Research, 2017-2020, Role: PI


  • Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares and Associated CME Shocks, NASA Heliophysics Supporting Research, 2015-2017, Role: PostDoc
  • The Influence of the Galactic Spiral Structure and Anisotropic Diffusion on the Proton Spectrum along the Sun’s Orbit, DFG, 2009-2012, Role: PhD

Research interests

  • Space weather and their solar drivers
  • Plasma-physical processes of energetic particles
  • Numerical methods and machine learning
  • Diffusion processes and kinetic theory
  • Solar energetic particles and cosmic rays

Selected publications

  1. Wang D., Y. Y. Shprits, I. S. Zhelavskaya, F. Effenberger, A. Castillo, A. Y. Drozdov, N. Aseev, S. Cervantes Villa, (2020), The Effect of Plasma Boundaries on the Dynamic Evolution of Relativistic Radiation Belt Electrons, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], n/a, e2019JA027422, doi:10.1029/2019JA027422, e2019JA027422 2019JA027422
  2. Drozdov A. Y., N. Aseev, F. Effenberger, D. L. Turner, A. Saikin, Y. Y. Shprits, (2019), Storm Time Depletions of Multi-MeV Radiation Belt Electrons Observed at Different Pitch Angles, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], doi:10.1029/2019JA027332
  3. Jin M., V. Petrosian, W. Liu, N. V. Nitta, N. Omodei, F. Rubio da Costa, F. Effenberger, G. Li, M. Pesce-Rollins, A. Allafort, W. I. Manchester, (2018), Probing the Puzzle of Behind-the-limb γ-Ray Flares: Data-driven Simulations of Magnetic Connectivity and CME-driven Shock Evolution, The Astrophysical Journal, 867, 122, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aae1fd
  4. Oka M., J. Birn, M. Battaglia, C. C. Chaston, S. M. Hatch, G. Livadiotis, S. Imada, Y. Miyoshi, M. Kuhar, F. Effenberger, E. Eriksson, Y. V. Khotyaintsev, A. Retinò, (2018), Electron Power-Law Spectra in Solar and Space Plasmas, Space Science Reviews, 214, 82, doi:10.1007/s11214-018-0515-4