Dobynde M. I., F. Effenberger, D. A. Kartashov, Y. Y. Shprits, V. A. Shurshakov, (2019), Ray-tracing simulation of the radiation dose distribution on the surface of the spherical phantom of the MATROSHKA-R experiment onboard the ISS, Life Sciences In Space Research, 21, 65-72, doi:10.1016/j.lssr.2019.04.001

## Abstract

Space radiation is one of the main concerns for human space flights. The prediction of the radiation dose for the actual spacecraft geometry is very important for the planning of long-duration missions. We present a numerical method for the fast calculation of the radiation dose rate during a space flight. We demonstrate its application for dose calculations during the first and the second sessions of the MATROSHKA-R space experiment with a spherical tissue-equivalent phantom. The main advantage of the method is the short simulation time, so it can be applied for urgent radiation dose calculations for low-Earth orbit space missions. The method uses depth-dose curve and shield-and-composition distribution functions to calculate a radiation dose at the point of interest. The spacecraft geometry is processed into a shield-and-composition distribution function using a ray-tracing method. Depth-dose curves are calculated using the GEANT4 Monte-Carlo code (version 10.00.P02) for a double-layer aluminum-water shielding. Aluminum-water shielding is a good approximation of the real geometry, as water is a good equivalent for biological tissues, and aluminum is the major material of spacecraft bodies. The method is applied to model the dose distribution on the surface of the spherical phantom in the MATROSHKA-R space experiment. The experiment has been carried out onboard the ISS from 2004 to the present. The absorbed dose was determined in 32 points on the phantom's surface. We find a good agreement between the data obtained in the experiment and our calculation results. The simulation method is thus applicable for future radiation dose predictions for low-Earth orbit missions and experiments.## Authors (sorted by name)

Dobynde Effenberger Kartashov Shprits Shurshakov## Journal / Conference

Life Sciences In Space Research## Bibtex

@article{10.1016/j.lssr.2019.04.001,
title = {Ray-tracing simulation of the radiation dose distribution on the surface of the spherical phantom of the MATROSHKA-R experiment onboard the ISS},
journal = {Life Sciences in Space Research},
volume = {21},
pages = {65-72},
year = {2019},
issn = {2214-5524},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2019.04.001},
url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214552418300804},
author = {M.I. Dobynde and F. Effenberger and D.A. Kartashov and Y.Y. Shprits and V.A. Shurshakov},
keywords = {Space radiation, Radiation protection, Radiation dose calculation, GEANT4 modeling, Radiation on the ISS, MATROSHKA-R},
abstract = {Space radiation is one of the main concerns for human space flights. The prediction of the radiation dose for the actual spacecraft geometry is very important for the planning of long-duration missions. We present a numerical method for the fast calculation of the radiation dose rate during a space flight. We demonstrate its application for dose calculations during the first and the second sessions of the MATROSHKA-R space experiment with a spherical tissue-equivalent phantom. The main advantage of the method is the short simulation time, so it can be applied for urgent radiation dose calculations for low-Earth orbit space missions. The method uses depth-dose curve and shield-and-composition distribution functions to calculate a radiation dose at the point of interest. The spacecraft geometry is processed into a shield-and-composition distribution function using a ray-tracing method. Depth-dose curves are calculated using the GEANT4 Monte-Carlo code (version 10.00.P02) for a double-layer aluminum-water shielding. Aluminum-water shielding is a good approximation of the real geometry, as water is a good equivalent for biological tissues, and aluminum is the major material of spacecraft bodies. The method is applied to model the dose distribution on the surface of the spherical phantom in the MATROSHKA-R space experiment. The experiment has been carried out onboard the ISS from 2004 to the present. The absorbed dose was determined in 32 points on the phantom's surface. We find a good agreement between the data obtained in the experiment and our calculation results. The simulation method is thus applicable for future radiation dose predictions for low-Earth orbit missions and experiments.}
}