Effenberger F., V. Petrosian, (2018), The Relation between Escape and Scattering Times of Energetic Particles in a Turbulent Magnetized Plasma: Application to Solar Flares, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 868, L28, doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aaedb3

## Abstract

A knowledge of the particle escape time from the acceleration regions of many space and astrophysical sources is of critical importance in the analysis of emission signatures produced by these particles and in the determination of the acceleration and transport mechanisms at work. This Letter addresses this general problem, in particular in solar flares, where in addition to scattering by turbulence, the magnetic field convergence from the acceleration region toward its boundaries also influences the particle escape. We test an (approximate) analytic relation between escape and scattering times, and the field convergence rate, based on the work of Malyshkin & Kulsrud, valid for both strong and weak diffusion limits and isotropic pitch-angle distributions of the injected particles, with a numerical model of particle transport. To this end, a kinetic Fokker-Planck transport model of particles is solved with a stochastic differential equation scheme, assuming different initial pitch- angle distributions. This approach enables further insights into the phase-space dynamics of the transport process, which would otherwise not be accessible. We find that in general the numerical results agree well with the analytic equation for the isotropic case; however, there are significant differences in the weak diffusion regime for non-isotopic cases, especially for distributions beamed along the magnetic field lines. The results are important in the interpretation of observations of energetic particles in solar flares and other similar space and astrophysical acceleration sites, and for the determination of acceleration-transport coefficients, commonly used in Fokker- Planck-type kinetic equations.## Authors (sorted by name)

Effenberger Petrosian## Journal / Conference

The Astrophysical Journal Letters## Bibtex

@ARTICLE{2018ApJ...868L..28E,
author = {Effenberger, Frederic and Petrosian, Vah'e},
title = "{The Relation between Escape and Scattering Times of Energetic Particles in a Turbulent Magnetized Plasma: Application to Solar Flares}",
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal Letters},
keywords = {cosmic rays, diffusion, magnetic fields, scattering, Sun: heliosphere, Sun: particle emission, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Physics - Space Physics},
year = "2018",
month = "Dec",
volume = {868},
number = {2},
eid = {L28},
pages = {L28},
abstract = "{A knowledge of the particle escape time from the acceleration regions of
many space and astrophysical sources is of critical importance
in the analysis of emission signatures produced by these
particles and in the determination of the acceleration and
transport mechanisms at work. This Letter addresses this general
problem, in particular in solar flares, where in addition to
scattering by turbulence, the magnetic field convergence from
the acceleration region toward its boundaries also influences
the particle escape. We test an (approximate) analytic relation
between escape and scattering times, and the field convergence
rate, based on the work of Malyshkin & Kulsrud, valid for
both strong and weak diffusion limits and isotropic pitch-angle
distributions of the injected particles, with a numerical model
of particle transport. To this end, a kinetic Fokker-Planck
transport model of particles is solved with a stochastic
differential equation scheme, assuming different initial pitch-
angle distributions. This approach enables further insights into
the phase-space dynamics of the transport process, which would
otherwise not be accessible. We find that in general the
numerical results agree well with the analytic equation for the
isotropic case; however, there are significant differences in
the weak diffusion regime for non-isotopic cases, especially for
distributions beamed along the magnetic field lines. The results
are important in the interpretation of observations of energetic
particles in solar flares and other similar space and
astrophysical acceleration sites, and for the determination of
acceleration-transport coefficients, commonly used in Fokker-
Planck-type kinetic equations.}",
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aaedb3},
archivePrefix = {arXiv},
eprint = {1808.07308},
primaryClass = {astro-ph.HE},
adsurl = {https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018ApJ...868L..28E},
adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
}