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PAGER project started

EU Horizon 2020 project PAGER started. The kick-off meeting held in Potsdam at GFZ.

The PAGER project will combine models from the Sun to the Earth’s inner magnetosphere + ensembles of physics-based & ML models to make predictions of space weather conditions 1-2 days in advance

Strong whistler mode waves observed in the vicinity of Jupiter’s moons

In the vicinity of Europa and Ganymede, that respectively have induced and internal magnetic fields, chorus wave power is significantly increased. The observed enhancements are persistent and exceed median values of wave activity by up to 6 orders of magnitude for Ganymede. Produced waves may have a pronounced effect on the acceleration and loss of particles in the Jovian magnetosphere and other astrophysical objects. The generated waves are capable of significantly modifying the energetic particle environment, accelerating particles to very high energies, or producing depletions in phase space density. Observations of Jupiter’s magnetosphere provide a unique opportunity to observe how objects with an internal magnetic field can interact with particles trapped in magnetic fields of larger scale objects.

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Part-time Job for CS undergraduates in Space Environment Modeling Group

Update: The hiring process is finished.

Space Environment Modeling Group (https://rbm.epss.ucla.edu/) in the UCLA Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences is looking for part-time undergraduate student with strong CS background to join our team. It’s a good chance for you to be involved in cutting-edge research, to sharpen your CS skills, and to work with like-minded individuals. You will be paid for your work, and compensation will depend on your experience

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Multi-MeV Electron Loss in the Heart of the Radiation Belts

The profiles of phase space density (PSD) showed clear deepening minimums consistent with the scattering by electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves . Long-term evolution shows that local minimums in PSD can persist for relatively long times. (more…)

Dependence of radiation belt simulations to assumed radial diffusion rates

Radial diffusion is one of the dominant physical mechanisms that drives acceleration and loss of the radiation belt electrons, which makes it very important for nowcasting and forecasting space weather models. Comparison of the simulation results with observations showed that the difference between simulations with different radial diffusion parameterization is smaller than the inclusion of local acceleration and pitch angle diffusion. (more…)

Numerical applications of the advective-diffusive codes for the inner magnetosphere

Accuracy of space weather prediction depends strongly on the quality of the models. A team led by the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences demonstrates how errors in the algorithms can lead to wrong predictions. (more…)

Wave-induced loss of ultra-relativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts

A geomagnetic storm on January 17, 2013, provided unique observations that finally resolved a long-standing scientific problem. (more…)

Unusual stable trapping of the ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts

RBM group scientists have successfully modeled and explained the unprecedented behavior of this third ring, showing that the extremely energetic particles that made up this ring, known as ultra-relativistic electrons, are driven by very different physics than typically observed Van Allen radiation belt particles. The region the belts occupy—ranging from about 1,000 to 50,000 kilometers above the Earth’s surface—is filled with electrons so energetic they move close to the speed of light.

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‘Dropout’ Electrons Get Pushed out of Van Allen Belt

UCLA researchers showed that the missing electrons are swept away from the planet by a tide of solar wind particles during periods of heightened solar activity.

The data show that while a small amount of the missing energetic electrons did fall into the atmosphere, the vast majority was pushed away from the planet, stripped away from the radiation belt by the onslaught of solar wind particles during the heightened solar activity that generated the magnetic storm itself.

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A Powerful Solar Storm Could Render Satellites Inoperable For Years

We found that in the absence of the cloud, electromagnetic waves accelerated large numbers of electrons to high speed in Earth’s inner radiation belt, causing a huge increase in radiation there. The inner radiation belt is densest at about 3000 kilometres above Earth’s equator, which is higher than low-Earth orbit. But the belt hugs Earth more tightly above high latitude regions, overlapping with satellites in low-Earth orbit.

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