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Analytical Chorus Wave Model Derived from Van Allen Probe Observations

Wang D., Y. Y. Shprits, I. S. Zhelavskaya, O. V. Agapitov, A. Y. Drozdov, N. A. Aseev, (2019), Analytical Chorus Wave Model Derived from Van Allen Probe Observations, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], 124, 1063-1084, doi:10.1029/2018JA026183

Abstract

Abstract Chorus waves play an important role in the dynamic evolution of energetic electrons in the Earth's radiation belts and ring current. Using more than 5 years of Van Allen Probe data, we developed a new analytical model for upper-band chorus (UBC; 0.5fce < f < fce) and lower-band chorus (LBC; 0.05fce < f < 0.5fce) waves, where fce is the equatorial electron gyrofrequency. By applying polynomial fits to chorus wave root mean square amplitudes, we developed regression models for LBC and UBC as a function of geomagnetic activity (Kp), L, magnetic latitude (λ), and magnetic local time (MLT). Dependence on Kp is separated from the dependence on λ, L, and MLT as Kp-scaling law to simplify the calculation of diffusion coefficients and inclusion into particle tracing codes. Frequency models for UBC and LBC are also developed, which depends on MLT and magnetic latitude. This empirical model is valid in all MLTs, magnetic latitude up to 20°, Kp ≤ 6, L-shell range from 3.5 to 6 for LBC and from 4 to 6 for UBC. The dependence of root mean square amplitudes on L are different for different bands, which implies different energy sources for different wave bands. This analytical chorus wave model is convenient for inclusion in quasi-linear diffusion calculations of electron scattering rates and particle simulations in the inner magnetosphere, especially for the newly developed four-dimensional codes, which require significantly improved wave parameterizations.

Authors (sorted by name)

Agapitov Aseev Drozdov Shprits Wang Zhelavskaya

Journal / Conference

Journal Of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

Bibtex

@article{doi:10.1029/2018JA026183,
author = {Wang, Dedong and Shprits, Yuri Y. and Zhelavskaya, Irina S. and Agapitov, Oleksiy V. and Drozdov, Alexander Y. and Aseev, Nikita A.},
title = {Analytical Chorus Wave Model Derived from Van Allen Probe Observations},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
volume = {124},
number = {2},
pages = {1063-1084},
keywords = {chorus waves, radiation belt electrons, ring current electrons, analytical model, wave-particle interactions, diffusion coefficients},
doi = {10.1029/2018JA026183},
url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018JA026183},
eprint = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2018JA026183},
abstract = {Abstract Chorus waves play an important role in the dynamic evolution of energetic electrons in the Earth's radiation belts and ring current. Using more than 5 years of Van Allen Probe data, we developed a new analytical model for upper-band chorus (UBC; 0.5fce < f < fce) and lower-band chorus (LBC; 0.05fce < f < 0.5fce) waves, where fce is the equatorial electron gyrofrequency. By applying polynomial fits to chorus wave root mean square amplitudes, we developed regression models for LBC and UBC as a function of geomagnetic activity (Kp), L, magnetic latitude (λ), and magnetic local time (MLT). Dependence on Kp is separated from the dependence on λ, L, and MLT as Kp-scaling law to simplify the calculation of diffusion coefficients and inclusion into particle tracing codes. Frequency models for UBC and LBC are also developed, which depends on MLT and magnetic latitude. This empirical model is valid in all MLTs, magnetic latitude up to 20°, Kp ≤ 6, L-shell range from 3.5 to 6 for LBC and from 4 to 6 for UBC. The dependence of root mean square amplitudes on L are different for different bands, which implies different energy sources for different wave bands. This analytical chorus wave model is convenient for inclusion in quasi-linear diffusion calculations of electron scattering rates and particle simulations in the inner magnetosphere, especially for the newly developed four-dimensional codes, which require significantly improved wave parameterizations.},
year = {2019}
}