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Bounce-averaged advection and diffusion coefficients for monochromatic electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave: Comparison between test-particle and quasi-linear models

Su Z., H. Zhu, F. Xiao, H. Zheng, C. Shen, Y. Wang, S. Wang, (2012), Bounce-averaged advection and diffusion coefficients for monochromatic electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave: Comparison between test-particle and quasi-linear models, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017917

Abstract

The electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave has long been suggested to be responsible for the rapid loss of radiation belt relativistic electrons. The test-particle simulations are performed to calculate the bounce-averaged pitch angle advection and diffusion coefficients for parallel-propagating monochromatic EMIC waves. The comparison between test-particle (TP) and quasi-linear (QL) transport coefficients is further made to quantify the influence of nonlinear processes. For typical EMIC waves, four nonlinear physical processes, i.e., the boundary reflection effect, finite perturbation effect, phase bunching and phase trapping, are found to occur sequentially from small to large equatorial pitch angles. The pitch angle averaged finite perturbation effect yields slight differences between the transport coefficients of TP and QL models. The boundary reflection effect and phase bunching produce an average reduction of more than 80% in the diffusion coefficients but a small change in the corresponding average advection coefficients, tending to lower the loss rate predicted by QL theory. In contrast, the phase trapping causes continuous negative advection toward the loss cone and a minor change in the corresponding diffusion coefficients, tending to increase the loss rate predicted by QL theory. For small amplitude EMIC waves, the transport coefficients grow linearly with the square of wave amplitude. As the amplitude increases, the boundary reflection effect, phase bunching and phase trapping start to occur. Consequently, the TP advection coefficients deviate from the linear growth with the square of wave amplitude, and the TP diffusion coefficients become saturated with the amplitude approaching 1 nT or above. The current results suggest that these nonlinear processes can cause significant deviation of transport coefficients from the prediction of QL theory, which should be taken into account in the future simulations of radiation belt dynamics driven by the EMIC waves.

Authors (sorted by name)

Shen Su Xiao Zheng Zhu

Journal / Conference

Journal Of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China grants 41174125, 41131065, 41121003, and 41074120; the Chinese Academy of Sciences grant KZCX2‐EW‐QN510 and KZZD‐EW‐01‐4; the National Key Basic Research Special Foundation of China grant 2011CB811403; and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities WK2080000031.

Bibtex

@article{doi:10.1029/2012JA017917,
author = {Su, Zhenpeng and Zhu, Hui and Xiao, Fuliang and Zheng, Huinan and Shen, Chao and Wang, Yuming and Wang, Shui},
title = {Bounce-averaged advection and diffusion coefficients for monochromatic electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave: Comparison between test-particle and quasi-linear models},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
year ={2012},
volume = {117},
number = {A9},
pages = {},
keywords = {EMIC wave, advection coefficients, diffusion coefficients, non-linear wave-particle interactions, radiation belt electrons, test-particle simulations},
doi = {10.1029/2012JA017917},
url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2012JA017917},
eprint = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2012JA017917},
abstract = {The electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave has long been suggested to be responsible for the rapid loss of radiation belt relativistic electrons. The test-particle simulations are performed to calculate the bounce-averaged pitch angle advection and diffusion coefficients for parallel-propagating monochromatic EMIC waves. The comparison between test-particle (TP) and quasi-linear (QL) transport coefficients is further made to quantify the influence of nonlinear processes. For typical EMIC waves, four nonlinear physical processes, i.e., the boundary reflection effect, finite perturbation effect, phase bunching and phase trapping, are found to occur sequentially from small to large equatorial pitch angles. The pitch angle averaged finite perturbation effect yields slight differences between the transport coefficients of TP and QL models. The boundary reflection effect and phase bunching produce an average reduction of more than 80% in the diffusion coefficients but a small change in the corresponding average advection coefficients, tending to lower the loss rate predicted by QL theory. In contrast, the phase trapping causes continuous negative advection toward the loss cone and a minor change in the corresponding diffusion coefficients, tending to increase the loss rate predicted by QL theory. For small amplitude EMIC waves, the transport coefficients grow linearly with the square of wave amplitude. As the amplitude increases, the boundary reflection effect, phase bunching and phase trapping start to occur. Consequently, the TP advection coefficients deviate from the linear growth with the square of wave amplitude, and the TP diffusion coefficients become saturated with the amplitude approaching 1 nT or above. The current results suggest that these nonlinear processes can cause significant deviation of transport coefficients from the prediction of QL theory, which should be taken into account in the future simulations of radiation belt dynamics driven by the EMIC waves.}
}