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Bounce-averaged diffusion coefficients due to resonant interaction of the outer radiation belt electrons with oblique chorus waves computed in a realistic magnetic field model

Orlova K. G., Y. Y. Shprits, B. Ni, (2012), Bounce-averaged diffusion coefficients due to resonant interaction of the outer radiation belt electrons with oblique chorus waves computed in a realistic magnetic field model, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017591

Abstract

We present the results of calculations of the bounce-averaged pitch angle, mixed, and momentum diffusion coefficients in a dipole and two realistic field models (the T01s model for quiet and storm conditions). We consider resonant interactions of the outer radiation belt electrons with oblique chorus waves. We demonstrate that on the dayside, the use of a realistic magnetic field versus a dipole field only makes a significant difference for small equatorial pitch angles at energies larger than E = 1 MeV. On the nightside, the differences between the scattering rates calculated in the Tsyganenko and dipole models can reach several orders of magnitude at various equatorial pitch angles for electrons with E ≥ 0.5 MeV. The most significant changes in the scattering rates computed in the realistic and dipole magnetic fields occur during the geomagnetically active conditions. On the nightside, for E ≥ 0.5 MeV, the diffusion coefficients calculated in the Tsyganenko field show significant scattering near the edge of the loss cone that can produce loss of electrons to the atmosphere, while in the dipole model there is no scattering at small equatorial pitch angles. Our computations in the realistic field show that resonant interactions between electrons with E ≤ 1 MeV and chorus waves can be an effective net loss mechanism on both the dayside and the nightside. To explain the differences in the scattering rates associated with a change in the magnetic field model, we present the contribution of various resonant harmonics to the diffusion and examine the changes in the resonance condition.

Authors (sorted by name)

Ni Orlova Shprits

Journal / Conference

Journal Of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

Acknowledgments

n/a

Bibtex

@article{doi:10.1029/2012JA017591,
author = {Orlova, Ksenia G. and Shprits, Yuri Y. and Ni, Binbin},
title = {Bounce-averaged diffusion coefficients due to resonant interaction of the outer radiation belt electrons with oblique chorus waves computed in a realistic magnetic field model},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
volume = {117},
year = {2012},
number = {A7},
pages = {},
keywords = {chorus waves, diffusion coefficients, nondipole field},
doi = {10.1029/2012JA017591},
url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2012JA017591},
eprint = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2012JA017591},
abstract = {We present the results of calculations of the bounce-averaged pitch angle, mixed, and momentum diffusion coefficients in a dipole and two realistic field models (the T01s model for quiet and storm conditions). We consider resonant interactions of the outer radiation belt electrons with oblique chorus waves. We demonstrate that on the dayside, the use of a realistic magnetic field versus a dipole field only makes a significant difference for small equatorial pitch angles at energies larger than E = 1 MeV. On the nightside, the differences between the scattering rates calculated in the Tsyganenko and dipole models can reach several orders of magnitude at various equatorial pitch angles for electrons with E ≥ 0.5 MeV. The most significant changes in the scattering rates computed in the realistic and dipole magnetic fields occur during the geomagnetically active conditions. On the nightside, for E ≥ 0.5 MeV, the diffusion coefficients calculated in the Tsyganenko field show significant scattering near the edge of the loss cone that can produce loss of electrons to the atmosphere, while in the dipole model there is no scattering at small equatorial pitch angles. Our computations in the realistic field show that resonant interactions between electrons with E ≤ 1 MeV and chorus waves can be an effective net loss mechanism on both the dayside and the nightside. To explain the differences in the scattering rates associated with a change in the magnetic field model, we present the contribution of various resonant harmonics to the diffusion and examine the changes in the resonance condition.}
}