Home » Kim et al. 2005

A new perspective on the role of the solar wind dynamic pressure in the ring current particle loss through the magnetopause

Kim K. C., D. -. Lee, E. S. Lee, C. R. Choi, K. H. Kim, Y. J. Moon, K. S. Cho, Y. D. Park, W. Y. Han, (2005), A new perspective on the role of the solar wind dynamic pressure in the ring current particle loss through the magnetopause, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], 110, doi:10.1029/2005JA011097

Abstract

It has been known that (untrapped) ring current particles can be lost through the dayside magnetopause into the magnetosheath, which is regarded as one of the major mechanisms contributing to the ring current decay. In this paper, we suggest that the solar wind dynamic pressure can play a significant role in the dayside loss in a new aspect. In order to show that, we have first analyzed the average characteristics of the dynamic pressure based on 95 geomagnetic storm events selected from the period 1997–2002. We find that the dynamic pressure overall enhances during the magnetic storm. The enhancement is most significant during the storm main phase compared to the prestorm and recovery phases, and it is higher for stronger storms. Using one of the most recent Tsyganenko models, T01s, we show that this enhanced dynamic pressure that pushes the magnetopause to move inward leads to a reduction of the scale length of the gradient of the magnetic field magnitude along the magnetopause. This results in the enhancement of the magnetic drift speed across the magnetopause. On the basis of the test particle orbit calculation, we explicitly show that this effect can be a significant factor for the particles to effectively cross the magnetopause. It applies to the adiabatic particles that have a relatively “small” gyroradius near the magnetopause compared to the magnetopause thickness. These particles cross the magnetopause by some number of the magnetic gradient drift motion, being in contrast to the particles with a relatively “large” gyroradius that can enter into the magnetosheath by crossing the magnetopause with less than one gyromotion. We argue that this can often apply to a substantial population of the ring current particles.

Authors (sorted by name)

Cho Choi Han Kim Lee Moon Park

Journal / Conference

Journal Of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a grant in 2005 from Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute. The Dst data were obtained from World Data Center for Geomagnetism, Kyoto. The data from ACE, WIND, Geotail, and IMP‐8 were obtained from the NASA Web site (http://cdaweb.gsfc.nasa.gov). We are very grateful to N. Tsyganenko for his valuable help with the code T01s.

Bibtex

@article{doi:10.1029/2005JA011097,
author = {Kim, Kyung Chan and Lee, D.-Y. and Lee, E. S. and Choi, C. R. and Kim, K. H. and Moon, Y. J. and Cho, K. S. and Park, Y. D. and Han, W. Y.},
title = {A new perspective on the role of the solar wind dynamic pressure in the ring current particle loss through the magnetopause},
year = {2005},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
volume = {110},
number = {A9},
pages = {},
keywords = {dayside magnetopause loss, dynamic pressure, ring current loss},
doi = {10.1029/2005JA011097},
url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2005JA011097},
eprint = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2005JA011097},
abstract = {It has been known that (untrapped) ring current particles can be lost through the dayside magnetopause into the magnetosheath, which is regarded as one of the major mechanisms contributing to the ring current decay. In this paper, we suggest that the solar wind dynamic pressure can play a significant role in the dayside loss in a new aspect. In order to show that, we have first analyzed the average characteristics of the dynamic pressure based on 95 geomagnetic storm events selected from the period 1997–2002. We find that the dynamic pressure overall enhances during the magnetic storm. The enhancement is most significant during the storm main phase compared to the prestorm and recovery phases, and it is higher for stronger storms. Using one of the most recent Tsyganenko models, T01s, we show that this enhanced dynamic pressure that pushes the magnetopause to move inward leads to a reduction of the scale length of the gradient of the magnetic field magnitude along the magnetopause. This results in the enhancement of the magnetic drift speed across the magnetopause. On the basis of the test particle orbit calculation, we explicitly show that this effect can be a significant factor for the particles to effectively cross the magnetopause. It applies to the adiabatic particles that have a relatively “small” gyroradius near the magnetopause compared to the magnetopause thickness. These particles cross the magnetopause by some number of the magnetic gradient drift motion, being in contrast to the particles with a relatively “large” gyroradius that can enter into the magnetosheath by crossing the magnetopause with less than one gyromotion. We argue that this can often apply to a substantial population of the ring current particles.}
}