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Statistical analysis of phase space density buildups and dropouts

Shprits Y., M. Daae, B. Ni, (2012), Statistical analysis of phase space density buildups and dropouts, J. of Geophys. Res. [Space Physics], 117, doi:10.1029/2011JA016939

Abstract

The dynamics of the radiation belt Phase Space Density (PSD) is analyzed using measurements from four spacecraft taken during two hundred days in 1990 and 1991. In situ measurements from CRRES, Akebono, GPS, and GEO and a realistic model of the magnetic field are used to infer values of PSD. The inferred values of PSD are assimilated into a radial diffusion model by means of Kalman filtering to produce a reanalysis of the relativistic electron PSD during this time interval. The statistical analysis shows that the plasmapause location is well correlated with the location of the peak of PSD. Positive innovation outside of the plasmasphere shows that local acceleration is present in the trough region. The peak of PSD and the local source, as inferred from the innovation, are displaced inward during times of increased geomagnetic activity. Analysis of non-adiabatic dropouts in PSD shows that the dropouts often coincide with sudden increases in the solar wind dynamic pressure. Approximately 73% of the dropouts can be associated with the simultaneous sudden jumps (>7 nPa over several hours) in the solar wind dynamic pressure, approximately 15% could be associated with small jumps or gradual increases in solar wind dynamic pressure, and the remaining 12%, which consists of only 3 events, occurred during relatively steady solar wind dynamic pressure.

Authors (sorted by name)

Daae Ni Shprits

Journal / Conference

Journal Of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

Bibtex

@article{doi:10.1029/2011JA016939,
author = {Shprits, Yuri and Daae, Marianne and Ni, Binbin},
title = {Statistical analysis of phase space density buildups and dropouts},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
volume = {117},
number = {A1},
pages = {},
keywords = {acceleration and loss of electrons, climatology, data assimilation, outward radial diffusion, radiation belts, reanalysis},
doi = {10.1029/2011JA016939},
url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2011JA016939},
eprint = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2011JA016939},
abstract = {The dynamics of the radiation belt Phase Space Density (PSD) is analyzed using measurements from four spacecraft taken during two hundred days in 1990 and 1991. In situ measurements from CRRES, Akebono, GPS, and GEO and a realistic model of the magnetic field are used to infer values of PSD. The inferred values of PSD are assimilated into a radial diffusion model by means of Kalman filtering to produce a reanalysis of the relativistic electron PSD during this time interval. The statistical analysis shows that the plasmapause location is well correlated with the location of the peak of PSD. Positive innovation outside of the plasmasphere shows that local acceleration is present in the trough region. The peak of PSD and the local source, as inferred from the innovation, are displaced inward during times of increased geomagnetic activity. Analysis of non-adiabatic dropouts in PSD shows that the dropouts often coincide with sudden increases in the solar wind dynamic pressure. Approximately 73% of the dropouts can be associated with the simultaneous sudden jumps (>7 nPa over several hours) in the solar wind dynamic pressure, approximately 15% could be associated with small jumps or gradual increases in solar wind dynamic pressure, and the remaining 12%, which consists of only 3 events, occurred during relatively steady solar wind dynamic pressure.},
year = {2012}
}